### Straight Line Depreciation Formula Calculator Excel template

Use our free online asset depreciation calculator to work out the depreciation of the fixed assets for your business. Depreciation is a way to reduce an asset’s value over https://adprun.net/best-online-bookkeeping-services-for-small/ a longer period of time. The straight line depreciation method is very useful in recognizing and evenly carrying the amount of a fixed asset over its useful life.

You use it when there’s no specific pattern to how you would use an asset over a period of time. As aforementioned, this is the easiest depreciation method as it results in very few errors in calculation. Calculating the depreciating value of an asset over time can be tedious. I’m confused, how do you use Opening Balance Equity? Many accountants, though, tend to use a simple, easy-to-use method called the straight line basis. This method spreads out the depreciation equally over each accounting period. To calculate using this method, first subtract the salvage value from the original purchase price.

## Straight-Line Depreciation Calculation Example

The calculator below shows the depreciation values if either the depreciation period or value is entered. There is an option to add the results to a table for comparision.(the table appears the first time you click the button). If new information arises, the estimate can be revised in future accounting periods. Intangible assets are usually amortized, but the straight-line method can be applied to them as well. The asset remains on the books with its accumulated depreciation until it’s disposed of. Because the depreciation expense is the same every year, forming a straight line on a graph.

Notice that the double declining balance method described above uses a depreciation factor of 2. The declining balance method uses a factor unique to the asset being depreciated. For example if you had a luxury RV rental business you might want to depreciate your fleet by a factor of 3.5 due to immediate depreciation and high levels of wear and tear on your vehicles. For the first year depreciation you’d find the straight line depreciation amount and multiply it by 3.5. Subtract this amount from the original basis amount and multiply the result by 35% to get the second year’s depreciation deduction. Note that declining balance methods of depreciation may not completely depreciate value of an asset down to its salvage value.

## Straight Line Depreciation

This method is used with assets that quickly lose value early in their useful life. A company may also choose to go with this method if it offers them tax or cash flow advantages. Double declining balance is the most widely used declining balance depreciation method, which has a depreciation rate that is twice the value of straight line depreciation for the first year. Use a depreciation factor of two when doing calculations for double declining balance depreciation.

- However, this method does not show accurate difference in the usage of an asset and could be inappropriate for some depreciable assets.
- According to your estimation, at the end of the server’s useful life, it will have a salvage value of $200 which you will get from selling the parts.
- They do, and you can use the straight-line depreciation method to measure this indirect expense.
- The following year it reduces from the end balance from the previous year.

One of the most obvious pitfalls of using this method is that the useful life calculation is based on guesswork. For example, there is always a risk that technological advancements could potentially render the asset obsolete earlier than expected. In the straight line method of depreciation, the value of an asset is reduced in equal installments in each period until the end of its useful life.

## Other assets amortization methods in accountancy

You will instantly be presented with annual and monthly depreciation amounts that have been calculated using the straight line depreciation method. There are good reasons for using both of these methods, and the right one depends on the asset type in question. The straight-line depreciation method is the easiest to use, so it makes for simplified accounting calculations. Straight line depreciation is the most common method used in calculating the depreciation of a fixed asset. The same amount is depreciated each year that the asset has a useful life.

For more about depreciation in accountancy and the formula used in straight line method, refer to this wikipedia link. Straight line is the most straightforward and easiest method for calculating depreciation. It is most useful when an asset’s value decreases steadily over time at around the same rate. Moreover, the straight line basis does not factor in the accelerated loss of an asset’s value in the short-term, nor the likelihood that it will cost more to maintain as it gets older. For instance, no matter if in one year an asset that concurs to production of a certain good is used intensively in comparison with another year. Use this calculator to calculate the simple straight line depreciation of assets.

## How is Depreciation Calculated?

To record the purchase of the copier and the monthly depreciation expense, you’ll need to make the following journal entries. Because Sara’s copier’s useful life is five years, she would divide 1 into 5 in order to determine its annual depreciation rate. Before you can calculate depreciation of any kind, you must first determine What Are Stale-Dated Checks? the useful life of the asset you wish to depreciate. In this method the production or initial costs of an asset are evenly spread during the course of its useful life span. This value is then divided by the number of years it is expected to be used and the value obtained is further subtracted from the second year on.